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On-going Dev. Programs

1. Project Name Livestock Breeding
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)
The activities of the project facilitate expansion and smooth operation of artificial insemination through production of semen and quality bull calves and distribution of inputs to the field AI units and breeder farms in the country, which is vital in improvement of breeds and breeding towards increase in milk production.
Supply of inputs such as liquid nitrogen storage cans, field cans, AI guns, AI sheaths, gloves, thawing units, semen straws etc.
Production, testing and delivery of good quality semen from cattle, buffaloe and goat Storage and transport of liquid nitrogen semen
Capacity building
Pregnancy diagnosis, reporting of calvings, milk recording, registering of animals and progeny testing
Establishment of open nucleus and bull mother herds
Issue of bull calves and AI equipment to the breeder farmers at 50% concession rate.
Conduction of infertility control activities
3. Location of the Project : All Island
4. Output
Annual increase of Artificial insemination from 152 000 (2006) to 200 000 (2015) inseminating 100000 cows at the end of the project period.
Number of skilled AI technicians will go up from 500 to 750.
Annually 30 000 to 40000 upgraded heifer calves will enter the population.
The overall coverage of breedable cow population will increase from 15% to 35%
An average of 500 improved bulls will be available for natural service every year resulting another 75 000 improved animals by the year 2015.

1. Project Name : Control of Contagious Diseases of Animals in Sri Lanka
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)
1. To control major economically important livestock diseases such as Haemorrhagic Septicaemia , Foot and Mouth Disease and Black Quarter by regular preventive vaccination with the long term objective of eradicating these disease probably on a zonal basis and thereby improve the productivity of livestock and income of farmers.
2. To strengthen and improve animal health information network in order to facilitate decision making on animal health related issues.
3. Support specially the selected farmer and his neighbor farmers to improve the health Management Practices in order to increase the farm productivity.
1. Procurement of vaccine and other inputs
2. Field Immunization Programme
3. Disease investigation and Diagnostic Service
4. Brucellosis / salmonellosis surveillance and control programme
5. Declaration of ‘disease free status’.
6. Strengthening of disease information system.
3. Location of the Project : All Island
4. Output

Increase in vaccination coverage against major livestock diseases.
Reduction in occurrence of notifiable diseases
Reduction in prevalence rate of brucellosis.
Development of an improved disease monitoring and information system
Disease incidences of focal farms are reduced.
Production parameters are optimized and Productivity of farm improved.
Disease investigation and surveillance net work established and strengthen.
Disease investigation and surveillance systems are improved.

1. Project Name : Goat Breeding Program
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)
1. To maintain Jamnapari Elite herd and produce male and female off springs.
2. To prevent inbreeding of Elite goat herds.
3. To Improve local goat breed of the farmers through introduction of Jamnapari male off springs born to Jamnapari Elite herd.
4. To up lift income of the farmers and there by alleviate poverty in long term objective

3. Location of the Project : Thelahera & Imbulandanda
4. Output

Increase adult breedable females from 300 nos. to 500 nos. in both Farms
Production of Genetically Improved goats.
Prevent inbreeding in goat herds..
Reduced cost involved in importation of animals and expenses for quarantine and diagnostic tests.
Contribute to Increase mutton and milk production.

1. Project Name : Increase Availability of Breed able Heifer Calves (HCR)
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)
The overall objective of the project is to increase local milk production to reach 50% level by year 2015 by increasing the availability of bread able heifer calves in the Island and ensure higher calf yield and milk production.
3. Location of the Project : Island wide
4. Output
Register 32000 AI born heifer Calves at the end of 2015

Produce 45.0 Million Lts. of additional milk by improving the feeding practices.

Reduce Calf mortality by 5%.
Special Remarks
1. The major Input of the project (Animal Feed) is given under 50% subsidized rate.
2. This project has really been implemented in May 2008.
3. In year 2009 this project received no funds and was unable to implement.

1. Project Name : Improvement of Service Delivery System of Government Veterinary Offices
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)
Public sector institutions have a unique role in this endeavor and government Veterinary office is the key field unit of undertaking most of responsibilities pertaining to livestock development at field level. Service delivery to the grassroots level is highly dependent on the facilities available at these offices. Objective of this project is to equip them with minimum diagnostic , extension, communication and transport facilities by the end of year 2015 commencing year 2008.
1. Construction of new Veterinary offices under the “Uthuru Wasanthaya” program in Nothern province.
2. Supply of nine vehicles.
3. Location of the Project : Islandwide
4. Output (expected)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Number of offices equipped with facilities 100 100 100 30
Number of new offices constructed 10 10 10 30 30 30 30 25
Number of new quarters constructed 10 10 10 30 30 30 30 29
Number of vehicles supplied 10 10 10 30 30 30 30 28

1. Project Name : Research projects to improve livestock production and health
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)
The government’s policy on increasing food security through livestock production may have problems due to the scarcity of imported inputs, quality of local agricultural by-products, low productivity of livestock, disease impediments and consumer preference. The current availability of farm grown forages being the chief feed resource are 225,000 kg. This indicates that there is a severe shortage of green fodder availability for those animals receiving farm grown only. Furthermore, those animals depending on natural forages are also facing this shortage of green forages even during the wet season. Both these groups face severe shortage of green forages during the dry season.
With the global food crisis, the prices of these feed ingredients went beyond the reach of the local industry. High cost of concentrate feed associated with high cost of production has been a serious threat to the sustainability of the livestock industry. Where there are unutilized agricultural by-products that is being wasted due to non-availability of information, spoilage due to poor processing and low utilization due to high fiber levels.
Inadequate farm income from milk due to poor remuneration resulting from low fat and Solids not Fat (SnF) contents has severely affected the dairy farmer. It has been found that nutrition is the key factor of determining the composition of milk. Milk urea nitrogen (MUN) is a tool that can use to monitor the nutritional status of dairy cows. Feeding of correct amount of protein is very important for dairy cattle. Over feeding is expensive, may reduce reproductive performances and increases nitrogen excretion in to the environment. Underfeeding reduces milk production. Therefore, MUN values can be used as good indicator for the determination of nutritional status of dairy cows. Further, excess urea concentration in blood believed to have detrimental effects on milk production, reproductive efficiency, embryo survivability and immune function. Furthermore, in yoghurt production the efficiency of the starter culture depends on the composition of milk. The imported starter cultures on the one hand are expensive and on the other it does not suit the milk produced by our farmers.
Feeding livestock has been a problem encountered by most farmers, but not all livestock demand high quality feed; there are those that require low-inputs too. The high-input, high-output sector is driven by high yielding exotic breeds and they demand high quality feed, pasture and fodder for production and maintenance. Such production can be difficult due to the current raw material crisis and limitation of resources such as land, water, fuel, capital and time.
Sri Lankan goat is one such animal that thrives under low-inputs. Furthermore their ability to flourish in arid zones, which cannot be used for any other purposes, shows their economical importance for low-income groups living in these areas. Goat farming plays a significant role in the economy of rural farmers in areas where other sub-sectors of agriculture are still at a subsistence level. As goat requires relatively small investment and can therefore be a source of cash income for small-scale farmers who consist over 80% of the rural dry zone population of Sri Lanka.
But the goats raised In these areas are a major source of meat is expensive but the income generated by these farmers from these herds is marginal because of the effects of diseases, poor growth and management constraints. Gastrointestinal nematode (GI) parasitism of goats remains a major constraint to the efficient raising of goats in Sri Lanka. In market-oriented terms, the cost of this infection from endoparasites could be estimated as 35-50%. These costs can have a devastating effect on goat rearing by rural low income farmers in areas where other sub sectors of agriculture are still at subsistence level. Resistance to endoparasites on livestock production has been shown by studies conducted in Sri Lanka. Such resistance to nematode parasite can be improved by selection.
But most of the goats are used for meat production, and due to marketing problems goat milk production has not progressed as expected. But due to low levels of inputs as compred to cattle and buffaloes, goats can be successfully introduced into livestock production systems for milk production.
3. Output
- Reduction of mortality due to diseases in young replacement stocks by 35% in 2012.
- Increase milk, meat and egg production by 30% in 2012
- Improved quality vaccines and control measures against disease organism attacks
- Improved differential diagnosis for early diagnosis of diseases
- Increased milk production of 30% by 2010
- Increased meat production of 30% by 2012
- Increased saving of foreign exchange to import milk of 40% by 2015
- Improved socio-economic status by reducing poverty head count below 18% by 2012
- Producing 10 m.tons of pasture grass seeds of Rs 6,000,000 by 2010
- Producing 5 m.tons of fodder grass seeds of Rs 5,000,000 by 2010
- Producing 5 m.tons of tree fodder seeds of Rs 25,000,000 by 2010
- Development of Model units by 2010
1. Farm grown fodder units - 20
2. Hay making systems - 20
3. Forage block/pellet making unit - 5
4. Small scale silage units - 20
5. Total mixed ration (TMR) units - 5
- A viable and cheap alternative to molasses
- Better quality locally produced agricultural by-products
- Reduce livestock industries competition with crop production for land, water and other resources.
- Cheaper livestock and poultry products
- Detect nutritional status of dairy cows and take remedial measures to improve
- Increased production of value-added production of 30% by 2010
- Increased low-input mutton – by 2012 – 30%
- Increased goat milk production – by 2015 – 20%
4. Output (expected)
Milk, meat and eggs could and should be produced in Sri Lanka with minimal inputs, and from those inputs that are not directly utilized for human consumption. Otherwise, the government’s current milk and other livestock production drive may cause a conflict for resources with the human food production program api wawamu, rata nagamu. Only left over resources such as crop by-products and marginal land sans water will be available for livestock programs. Furthermore, the livestock farmer already having market problems for their products, will be overburdened with more inputs. The current food production practices demand high inputs in the form of time, resources (land and water), inorganic fertilizer, pesticides and other chemicals. This has affected the food production capacity of our people and land. These research projects are designed to increase the livestock production capacity of our farmers through such low-input interventions.

1. Project Name : Entrepreneurship development
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)
Providing practical training on livestock farming an entrepreneurship development for livestock farmers, potential farmers to acquire necessary skills and knowledge in order to manage their farms efficiently and profitably.
3. Location of the Project : Peradeniya
4. Output
200 trainees / year

250 follow-up trainings per year

development of entrepreneurships

1. Project Name : Strengthen to Animal Quarantine and Inspection Service.
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)
The overall objective of this project is to assist in increasing the quarantine surveillance in the imported animals and animal products .
Physical monitoring of all the imported day old chick consignments twice during the quarantine surveillance period.
Sero monitoring of the imported poultry consignments
Assist in registration / renewal of registration of the poultry breeder farms .
Advice the farm on practical and gradual improvement of the farm bio security.
Registration of aquariums/exporters
Aquarium inspection twice a year
Conduct awareness programs and issues leaflet
Research in to problems faced in the aquarium.
Print international veterinary health certificates.
Establish data base on local and global.
3. Location of the Project : Islandwide
Physical Targets
Item Year 1 Year 11 Year 111 Year 1V Year V Total
1. No. of Physical monitoring ( poultry ) 192 192 192 200 200 976
2. No. of samples collected for dispatch 7680 7680 7680 8000 8000 39040
3. No. of farms registered / registration
renewed 30 32 34 36 38 38
Ornamental fish            
4. No. of exporters registered 40 50 60 150
5. No. of inspections 80 100 120 300
6. Awareness Programme 1 1 1 3
7. Leaf lets issued 1000 1000 1000
8. Booklets issued 250 250 250 750
IVHC issued 3500 4000 5000 12500
Establish and improve Data base 2 2 2 6
Research conducted 1 1 1 3
5. Sustainability of the Project (After completion)
The out put of the project will increase the quality and the quantity of the product that is being imported / exported and in turn will increase the foreign currency earned. The market demand will naturally incorporate costal dwellers and people with relevant resources, to industry improve their livelihood, and increase the job opportunities.
It is greatly important to safeguard the poultry industry form the devastating effects of the trans- boundary diseases especially the HPAI. Livelihood of the small scale, medium scale farmers will be protected. The nutritional demand of the consumers could be supplied (chicken meat is supplied only from the local supplies)

1. Project Name : Livestock Health Improvement Programme.
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)


The objective of the project is to establish efficient disease surveillance and monitoring system for Zoonoticaly and economically important livestock diseases, emerging and re-emerging diseases (HPAI, Salmonellosis, Brucellosis, Tuberculosis, Hemorrhagic septicemia, Foot and Mouth disease Black Quarter  etc.) and ensure  early detection and rapid response to controlling such diseases. Same time educate & advise to establish adequate bio security and good management practices in medium and large scale breeder and commercial livestock farms to reduce production losses due to sub clinical and clinical infections and mortalities leading to improvement in livestock health status.


Identification and registration with geo-coding of Poultry Breeder farms and hatcheries, major Aquatic farms and identified Dairy, Swine and large and medium scale commercial poultry operations and migratory bird locations as sentinel sites of disease surveillance.

Establish baseline data on production, health, and bio security risk status of such farms and sites.

Make periodical visits by VIO to registered farms and selected sites with Divisional/District Veterinary Surgeons.

Surveillance of animal disease situation of the registered farms, hotspot, slaughter houses, wet market and processing units in their surroundings by collecting relevant samples for HPAI..

Farm inspection, testing, verification, and certification of Bio security status.

  • Screen poultry breeder farms for the incidence of Salmonellosis and elimination of carrier birds from poultry farms and Certification of negative flocks/ farms.
  • Active and passive surveillance activities in selected site for emerging and re-emerging diseases which are threaten to human being.
  • Checking for parasitism, mastitis and sub clinical Mastitis and introduce measures for    prevention and screening for Brucellosis and vaccination in dairy farms.

Supply of inputs including drugs, biological, disinfectants, and training for farm owners and their staff for control of infectious disease of zoonotically / economically importance.

Training and education of Provincial Veterinary Staff of the district on disease surveillance and bio security.

Training Veterinary staff on usage of Global information System (GIS) for diseases management.

3. Location of the Project : Islandwide
4. Output

  • Disease incidences in focal farms are reduced.
  • Reduction in occurrence of notifiable diseases.
  • Rapid response and prompt control action on outbreaks by early detection and containment.
  • Declaration of ‘disease free status’ on zonal or compartmental freedom for identified diseases.
  • Dissemination of information regarding Socio-economically important Diseases to Formulate control Strategy.
  • Prompt control of Public Health related Zoonotic diseases.

1. Project Name : Animal Identification and Traceability programme
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)

  • To establish an Animal identification system for cattle and buffaloes.
  • To establish a central database on cattle and buffalo population in the country.
  • Avoid illegal transport of animals and illegal slaughtering of cattle and buffaloes.
Location of the Project : Islandwide
4. Output

  • Establishment of a Central Database on farm and animal registration.
  • Improvement of Standards of farms/ products
  • Selection of high yielding animals
  • Eradication/control of economically important diseases

1. Project Name : Expansion and modernization of Animal quarantine units
2. Brief Description of the Project (Objectives / Activities)

To expand and strengthen animal quarantine services at all port of entries in Sri Lanka.

3. Location of the Project :

  • Animal Quarantine sub unit, Hambantota (airport and seaport)
  • Animal Quarantine Station, Colombo, Animal Quarantine sub unit, Katunayake
. Output (Expected)

  • Quarantine Office in Hambanthota Seaport
  • Quarantine Office in Hambanthota Airport
  • Improvement of Animal quarantine Station, Colombo
  • Relocation of the existing Animal quarantine Station BIA Katunayake

Last Updated ( Thursday, 26 July 2012 04:50 )